Neethorp Angora Stud
Situated on 16 Hectares at Forcett, near Sorrell in Tasmania South East. Neethorp Stud incorporates a Texel Sheep Stud as well as the Angora Stud. I started my involvement with Angora Goats back in 1978 in partnership with my Sister and Brother in law under the stud name of Carlton Beach Angoras.
We purchased our initial animals from Mike and Sue Fama who lived in Gillingbrook Road Forcett, just up the road from where I currently live.
I brought my own property in Gillingbrook Road in 2002.
I have been involved in the Tasmanian Region and Division activities since 1978 serving as both President and Treasurer. I took over the presidency of the Division the year that Mohair Australia was formed and served on the Mohair Australia Board for 6 years. I served as President of Tasmania for 8 years have just been re-elected as President.
I currently run 75 angoras endeavoring to breed fine mohair. I have used bucks from Lyndon Grove Stud of Lynne and Don Carter and recently I have purchased bucks from lara Downs.
Stud and Flock animals available.
History of the Angora Goat
Angora goats were first imported into Australia in 1832 and 1833. They came from M Polonceau’s stud in France to the property of the Riley family of Raby N.S.W. Pure bred Angoras were imported from Turkey in subsequent years up to 1873, to properties in New South Wales, Victoria, and later South Australia. Other states followed and there were importations from South Africa in 1873 and from USA between 1890 and 1910. This is the foundation from which our Australian Angora goat has evolved up until 1992
There were a few Angora goat breeders in Australia before the 1900’s, but by 1950 all interest in Angoras had gone. Mr F W Barton, who began his Banksia flock in Victoria in 1904, was the only breeder to continue. He kept the breed pure to the original importations, untainted by the blood of feral or dairy goats. He registered as a stud in 1947 with the Goat Breed Society of Australia (GBS) and his son, Mr Fred Barton (pictured) continued to farm angoras until his death in 2003. Because Mr Barton (Snr) was the only Angora stud registered in Australia for many years, it become the foundation of the Australian Angora Stud industry with most stud animals up until the 1970’s being able to find a ‘Banksia’ animal somewhere in the background of their breeding.
By 1963 fourteen Angora studs were registered with the Goat Breeders Society. From the late 1960’s interest in Angora Goats grew dramatically, fostered, no doubt, by the “back to nature movement” and the development of hobby farming.
It was estimated that Australia had no more than 2000 Angora goats in 1970 time but as interest grew, back crossing to milk and feral does began and numbers increased rapidly. The back crossing resulted in light cutting animals and a considerable amount of kempy or medullated fibres appearing in the mohair. It was accepted that 5 generations of “back crossing” were necessary before animals could be considered “pure”. While third cross animals appeared similar to “purebreds”, kemp remained a problem and fleece shedding was often seen in spring.
At the time there were two breed organisations who adopted different terms for cross-bred animals. First cross animals were referred to as G4’s or Appendix D’s and females moved up the system with each cross to Registered bucks. Progeny of G1’s or Appendix A’s could be registered as “purebreds” in the “numbered” sections of the Herd Books. Because of the high value of animals (and the fact that most Angoras were registered) breeders stuck closely to the registration system and this created some problems in supplying certificates. Eventually the two Herd Books were computerised and merged. Later, in 2000, the registration system was taken “on line”. By this time many breeders had opted for “on farm” recording and had ceased registering animals with Mohair Australia but an animal registration process exists for members of Mohair Australia Ltd to this day.
In the late 1980’s two initiatives achieved success in importing embryos from Africa. These came from Zimbabwe, one via New Zealand (African Goat Flocks and others) and the second direct to a quarantine station in South Australia (ABM’s Terraweena animals). The animals produced exhibited some of the strong South African characteristics of fast growth, large frames, freedom from kemp and good fleece style in adults. Fleece weights were of the order of 3 to 4 kg with a yield of about 85%.
Many breeders used these “South African” Angoras over Texan and Texan cross animals thus improving growth rate and conformation while reducing grease content. Faster growth rate unfortunately resulted in stronger (coarser) “kid” fleeces. (Source: http://herdbook.mohair.org.au/dnn/Home/History/tabid/68/Default.aspx)
The modern Australian Angora
In recent years there have been another three small introduction of South African embryos and some semen has also been imported from Texas. The export ban was relaxed in South Africa and these introductions from there were from named studs. The Australian industry moved very quickly to replace the old Australian strain with first Texan and then African strains. The trend more recently has been to move towards the South African types though some Texan material is still present. In effect, the Australian Angora is now a mix of Texan and South African breeding. Because of the varying mix and the amount of subsequent selection, it is perhaps no longer justified to think in terms of importations. The animals we have now are mainly the result of breeding in Australia.
Neethorp Texel Stud
Flock Number 426
The stud was founded in 2005 using Ewes from AKBA Stud and the Ram Bourne Bank 2380. The aim of the stud is to provide the fat lamb market with sires that will lift the meat quantity and quality.
Stud and Flock animals available.
History of the Texel Sheep
Texel sheep were reported to have been on the North Sea coast of Europe for many centuries. The breed takes its name from the Isle of Texel in the Province of North Holland.
Texels were selected from Denmark and Finland to suit New Zealand and Australian conditions. In addition to their natural attributes of heavy muscling and leanness, they had to be mobile sheep capable of travelling distances, free lambing and easy care. A select Australian flock began quarantine in New Zealand in 1988 and an objective genetic selection program was implemented.
In February 1993, selectors appointed by the Australian Texel Stud Breeders Association Inc. chose a total of 790 Texel ewes and 50 Texel rams from a base flock of 2220 Texels available for import to Australia. The Australian Texel Corporation Pty. Ltd. (ATC) was formed by a group of investor-breeders who imported the sheep to Australia and undertook all the embryo transplants and semen collections and was responsible for the release of foetuses via recipient ewes to Australian studmasters.
The first Texels were born in Australia in September, 1993, and the first volume of the Annual Flock Register was produced in April 1994. (Source: http://www.texel.org.au/_asn/About_the_Breed.htm)